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Laser Eye Surgery

LASIK | LASEK | TransPRK

Laser eye surgery, or vision correction, reshapes the cornea to change the focusing of the eye and improve vision without glasses or contact lenses. Short/near-sightedness (myopia), Long/far-sightedness (hyperopia) and astigmatism can all be treated with this simple corrective procedure. There are two types of laser vision correction:

  • Flap-based treatments (LASIK)
  • Surface treatments (LASEK/TransPRK)

Results for both types of surgery are the same, but the most appropriate procedure will depend on the examination results and the individual needs of the patient. Mr Gore will determine the best treatment for you during your consultation.

LASIK

LASIK is the commonest type of laser vision correction worldwide. It is performed using a suction ring applied to the eye to secure it for the creation of a thin corneal flap on the top of the cornea with a femtosecond laser. An excimer laser is then applied under the flap to re-shape the cornea to correct your vision. The flap is gently re-positioned at the end of procedure.

Find out more by hovering around the image, or by clicking the dots below the text below the image.

Am I suitable?

LASIK is suitable for most patients, but there are a number of reasons why an alternative such as LASEK or ICL surgery may be a safer option for you. For example, if your corneas are thin, or your prescription is very high. LASIK is also not suitable for younger patients, or those at high-risk of flap dislocation (e.g. contact sports players).

How long does the procedure take?

LASIK is a quick procedure. Two different lasers are used during LASIK - one to create the flap (the femtosecond laser) and another to reshape the cornea underneath the flap (the excimer laser). Treating each eye takes about 10 minutes, with the laser part lasting only a few seconds at a time.

What are the risks?

Overall, laser eye surgery is very safe. The risk of a serious complication such as sight-threatening infection requiring a corneal transplant to restore vision is approximately 1 in 5,000. This compares with the risk of a similar infection from wearing soft contact lenses of approximately 1 in 3,000 per year.

Recovery

Recovery after LASIK eye surgery is rapid. Your vision in most cases will already be better straight after the procedure is complete. The following day you should be seeing 20/20 or better. We advise you to take the day off following LASIK. By day 2, you should be fine to head back to work.
  • Am I suitable?

    LASIK is suitable for most patients, but there are a number of reasons why an alternative such as LASEK or ICL surgery may be a safer option for you. For example, if your corneas are thin, or your prescription is very high. LASIK is also not suitable for younger patients, or those at high-risk of flap dislocation (e.g. contact sports players).
  • How long does the procedure take?

    LASIK is a quick procedure. Two different lasers are used during LASIK - one to create the flap (the femtosecond laser) and another to reshape the cornea underneath the flap (the excimer laser). Treating each eye takes about 10 minutes, with the laser part lasting only a few seconds at a time.
  • What are the risks?

    Overall, laser eye surgery is very safe. The risk of a serious complication such as sight-threatening infection requiring a corneal transplant to restore vision is approximately 1 in 5,000. This compares with the risk of a similar infection from wearing soft contact lenses of approximately 1 in 3,000 per year.
  • Recovery

    Recovery after LASIK eye surgery is rapid. Your vision in most cases will already be better straight after the procedure is complete. The following day you should be seeing 20/20 or better. We advise you to take the day off following LASIK. By day 2, you should be fine to head back to work.

LASEK

LASEK and TransPRK eye surgeries are both examples of laser treatments applied directly to the surface of the cornea (without a flap). LASEK involves manually brushing away the corneal skin layer (epithelium). A more advanced technique, transepithelial PRK (TransPRK), reshapes the cornea through the epithelium. TransPRK with the Schwind Amaris 1050RS laser using SmartSurfACE technology, is a 'no-touch' technique for laser refractive surgery - applying the laser light directly to the surface of the eye means no brushing, no cutting and no flap.

Find out more by hovering around the image, or by clicking the dots below the text below the image.

Who is suitable?

If your corneas are on the thin side, a surface laser treatment may be preferable to avoid treating too deep in the cornea. Also, if you play contact sports, martial arts or are at risk of head injuries (police, military) it is best to avoid a LASIK flap that could be dislodged. Following LASEK or TransPRK your eye will just a secure from future injuries as before your treatment.

How long does the procedure take?

LASEK and TransPRK are phenomenally quick. The laser takes less than 60 seconds each eye. A bandage contact lens is applied at the end to help the healing process. You’ll be sat up again less than 10 minutes after you entered the room.

What are the risks?

Overall, laser eye surgery is very safe. The risk of a serious complication such as sight-threatening infection requiring a corneal transplant to restore vision is approximately 1 in 5,000. This compares with the risk of a similar infection from wearing soft contact lenses of approximately 1 in 3,000 per year.

Recovery

Recovery after LASEK or TransPRK is slow. Your vision will be blurred for the first 3 to 4 days, before it begins to sharpen up. The first evening and night can be painful and light sensitive. You will be given some anaesthetic ‘numbing’ drops to help ease the discomfort. Expect to be off work for a week. Vision continues to improve through the second week and beyond.
  • Who is suitable?

    If your corneas are on the thin side, a surface laser treatment may be preferable to avoid treating too deep in the cornea. Also, if you play contact sports, martial arts or are at risk of head injuries (police, military) it is best to avoid a LASIK flap that could be dislodged. Following LASEK or TransPRK your eye will just a secure from future injuries as before your treatment.
  • How long does the procedure take?

    LASEK and TransPRK are phenomenally quick. The laser takes less than 60 seconds each eye. A bandage contact lens is applied at the end to help the healing process. You’ll be sat up again less than 10 minutes after you entered the room.
  • What are the risks?

    Overall, laser eye surgery is very safe. The risk of a serious complication such as sight-threatening infection requiring a corneal transplant to restore vision is approximately 1 in 5,000. This compares with the risk of a similar infection from wearing soft contact lenses of approximately 1 in 3,000 per year.
  • Recovery

    Recovery after LASEK or TransPRK is slow. Your vision will be blurred for the first 3 to 4 days, before it begins to sharpen up. The first evening and night can be painful and light sensitive. You will be given some anaesthetic ‘numbing’ drops to help ease the discomfort. Expect to be off work for a week. Vision continues to improve through the second week and beyond.

Visit our Help Center

ALl the answers to all the questions you have about laser surgery, including questions you might not even have thought to answer!
Additional information is available from the Royal College of Ophthalmologists.
You can also get answers to some frequently asked questions about Laser Eye Surgery by visiting our Help Center.

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